Human beings are social species that rely on cooperation to survive and thrive. We have to live in association with fellow human beings and try to achieve our goals of life in the process of associating, and to accomplish these goals we have to follow the rules that are useful to form a civilized society. If we follow the laws of God and nature, since He is the Creator and He knows what is good for us and what is not, we would surely reach the pinnacle of moral excellence. On the contrary, if we revolt against the divine laws of nature we will fall into flagitious acts and immoral crimes and it will cause the decline of society.
To get rid of immoral crimes, and to build a pure society, the right way of formation of a family is an important step towards building a moral society. The first thing that helps in the foundation of the family system is the legitimate relationship between a man and a woman.
In spite of the conflicts between religions in various aspects of life, we see that every religion has a specific strategy for the concept of marriage. And if we take a look at the holy Quran, we will find that the perspective of marriage and family building, which the holy Quran gives us, is totally based on nature. According to the Quranic aspect sex is not a crime, but a natural and physical need. Quran does not condemn sex, nor does it reject it in the way as some pre – Islamic cultures and religions did. The Qur’an focuses on a healthy and respectful relationship between a man and a woman. For the growth and development of a society
Qur’an emphasizes mental peace and tranquillity along with the fulfilment of physical needs.
While the concept of ‘Nikah’ is encouraged in Islam, curbing physical desires or adopting monasticism is declared haram. Things like pre-marital sex or live in relationships are deemed to be forbidden.
“Marry off those among you that are single, (whether men or women), and those of your male and female slaves that are righteous. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His Bounty. Allah is Immensely Resourceful, All-Knowing.” (Quran – 24:32)
If someone chooses to remain unmarried, he/she will definitely turn out to be a potential danger to the morality of the society as nobody can deny the presence of sexual desires among men and women.
The Quran thus gives a clear concept to enjoy a peaceful marital life. This theory aims at protecting human dignity, curbing the unlawful sexual activities and generating love, comfort and peace between the couples. It teaches the way of shunning loneliness by keeping good company with one another, loving the children unconditionally and inculcates a sense of carrying out the duties and responsibilities earnestly.
Thus, the Qur’an shows the best way to build a righteous society and prevents immorality and shamelessness. It says:
“Do not even approach fornication for it is an outrageous act, and an evil way. (Qur’an – 17:32)”
As the above verse quotes, Qur’an forbids ‘zina’ (fornication) and any act that would bring someone close to commit adultery, while it encourages marriage as the purest means to achieve the goal of establishing a true, natural, and righteous society.
The Quranic injunctions that encourage marriage are not only to avoid crimes and shamelessness in the society but also to provide shelter to orphans and widows through marriage. It says: