Allopathy : Post Natal Care in Different Health Systems
Category : Doctors Speak
Author : Dr. Rehana
Our training

Our training includes delivering the new-born while taking special care of the health of mother and child, alongside treating infections and any other disease occurring in the female organ or any part of the body. Doctors are trained to guide their patients toward relevant medicines and therapies.

We conduct interviews with patients to understand more about their complaints and problems and are trained to maintain all the records of their inmates. This training includes work in research fields, and coordinating with nurses, specialists, assistants, etc.

Safe motherhood means…

Journeying safely through pregnancy and childbirth. It includes:
Education on safe motherhood,
Prenatal care (care during pregnancy) and counselling with focus on high-risk pregnancies,
Promotion of maternal nutrition,
Adequate delivery assistance in all cases,
Provisions for obstetric emergencies including referral services for pregnancy, childbirth and abortion complications and
Postnatal care (care after childbirth).
Of all the components of maternal and child health care delivery, postnatal care and early new-born care are the two most neglected components. Only one in six women receives care during the postpartum period in India. The National Family Health Survey (NFHS) data indicates that only 17% of women delivering at home were followed by a check-up within two months of delivery. Again, of those delivering at home, only 2% received postpartum care within two days of delivery and a meagre 5% within the first 7 days. Even out of this minor fraction of women, most of them were not provided with the entire range of information and services that should have been provided to a woman during a postpartum visit.
After the delivery, a woman has to make both physical and emotional adjustments and she needs support and understanding. Some of the medical disorders during this period are puerperal sepsis or infection of the uterus and surrounding tissues, urinary infection, acute prolapse of the cervix and puerperal psychiatric illness. It is important to diagnose and treat these conditions as early as possible. Some of these may lead to more serious/life-threatening complications.

The basic pillars/principles of safe motherhood are:

Ante-natal Care (ANC) ANC check-up is necessary to detect complications early and treat them as soon as possible.
Obstetric and New-born Care.
Post-natal Care (PNC).
Post-abortion Care.
STD/HIV/AIDS Control.

Precautions to be taken:

Routine tests and screenings, such as a blood test to check for anaemia, HIV, and your blood type.
Monitoring your blood pressure.
Measuring your weight gain.
Monitoring the baby’s growth and heart rate.
Talking about special diet and exercise.
Postnatal care (PNC) for the mother should respond to her special needs, starting within an hour after the delivery of the placenta and extending through the following six weeks. The care includes the prevention, early detection and treatment of complications, and the provision of counselling on breastfeeding, birth spacing, immunization and maternal nutrition.
Women in the postnatal period need to maintain a balanced diet, just as they did during pregnancy. Iron and folic acid supplementation should also continue for 3 months after birth. Women who are breastfeeding require additional food and should drink sufficient clean water.

Traditional methods:

They should be followed only with the doctor’s advice. Otherwise, in some cases, these traditional tips may lead to serious conditions.

Some other tips:

One can skip unnecessary tests and procedures.
One can opt for a natural birth unless it is really necessary to go for a C-section.
One should have an understanding of the hospital bills so that expenses can be controlled. There are many schemes by the Ministry of Health that can be utilized and insurance policies can also be opted for.

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